The Management of Chronic Pain and the Role of the Pharmacist
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Pain is a subjective experience, which means patients will experience pain in diverse ways. This also means that there is no objective, physical methodology to measure pain. Pharmacists practicing in all settings have important roles to play in pain management, including determining safe and effective regimens, mitigating adverse effects, identifying medication-related problems, and providing patient education. Pharmacists can be more effective in helping patients manage chronic pain when they utilize their knowledge of the physiology of pain and pain assessment. This knowledge is crucial for pharmacists to help improve outcomes for patients who have persistent pain. Positive outcomes have been found when pharmacists are involved in managing their patient's chronic pain.
Identify the types and classifications of pain
Describe the pain assessment process
Compare pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic pain management options
Describe the role of the pharmacist in chronic pain management and their contribution to improving patient outcomes
II. Defining and Classifying Pain
III. Categorizing Pain
1. Nociceptive Pain
2. Neuropathic Pain
3. Psychological Pain
IV. Types of Pain
V. Assessing Pain
4. Methods for Assessing Pain
5. Assessing Pain in Cognitively Impaired Patients
6. Assessing Pain in Children and Adolescents
7. Assessment Based on Cultural Considerations
VI. Managing Pain
1. Nonpharmacologic Therapies
2. Pharmacologic Therapies
3. Non-Opioid Analgesics
VII. Administering Medications Using Patient-controlled Analgesia
VIII. The Role of the Pharmacist in Chronic Pain Management
- Read the course objectives and faculty planner disclosure
- Read the course material
- Complete the post-test with a minimum score of 70% and complete the course evaluation form.
- Results are automatically submitted to CPE Monitor
Faculty Planner Disclosure
The following individuals were involved in the development of this activity: Marilyn Lajoie, MD, DC, CCSP, Susan DePasquale, MSN, PMHNP-BC, and Mary Elizabeth Fredrickson, PharmD, BCPS. There are no financial relationships relevant to this activity to report or disclose by any of the individuals involved in the development of this activity.
Unlabeled Use Disclosures
The information provided in this course is general in nature and it is solely designed to provide participants with continuing education credit(s). This course and materials are not meant to substitute for the independent, professional judgment of any participant regarding that participant’s professional practice, including but not limited to patient assessment, diagnosis, treatment and/or health management. Medical and pharmacy practices, rules, and laws vary from state to state, and this course does not cover the laws of each state; therefore, participants must consult the laws of their state as they relate to their professional practice. Healthcare professionals, including pharmacists and pharmacy technicians, must consult with their employer, healthcare facility, hospital, or other organization, for guidelines, protocols, and procedures they are to follow. The information provided in this course does not replace those guidelines, protocols, and procedures but is for academic purposes only, and this course’s limited purpose is for the completion of continuing education credits. Participants are advised and acknowledge that information related to medications, their administration, dosing, contraindications, adverse reactions, interactions, warnings, precautions, or accepted uses are constantly changing, and any person taking this course understands that such person must make an independent review of medication information prior to any patient assessment, diagnosis, treatment and/or health management. Any discussion of off-label use of any medication, device, or procedure is informational only and such uses are not endorsed hereby. Nothing contained in this course represents the opinions, views, judgments, or conclusions of RxCe.com LLC. RxCe.com LLC is not liable or responsible to any person for any inaccuracy, error, or omission with respect to this course, or course material.
Computer Hardware/Software Requirements
Please ensure the device you plan to use meets these requirements and specifications:
- Operating System: Windows 7,8,10, or 11 /Mac OS X 10.9 or later/iOS/Android
- Supported Browsers: Microsoft Edge, Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, Opera
- A connection to the internet
- For Live Webinars or Conferences: GoToWebinar application for iOS, Android, Mac, or PC. You cannot 'call into' a live conference.
- Target Audience: Pharmacist
- Contact Hours: 1.5
- Activity Release Date: 9/5/2022
- Activity Expiration Date: 9/5/2025
- Activity Type: Knowledge
- UAN: 0669-0000-22-031-H08-P
- Topic: Pain Management/Opioids
- CeBroker Number: 20-961082
RxCe.com, LLC is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.