Pets Are Patients Too: A Review of Veterinary Compounding

Pharmacist CEU
Contact Hours: 1.0 (0.1 CEUs)

Course Summary

Among all healthcare providers, pharmacists are the only ones able to care for human and animal patients, and pharmacists are becoming increasingly involved in animal care within the United States. Their roles include providing compounded medications to meet the unique and individual needs of veterinary patients. Depending on the pharmacy setting, pharmacists may have opportunities to compound medications for a number of different animal species, including companion pets, pocket pets, work animals, zoo and exotic animals. Providing veterinary compounding services is an important responsibility for pharmacists and pharmacy technicians to be well-trained in pharmaceutical compounding and knowledgeable of key pharmacokinetic, physiologic, and formulation considerations when compounding for various animal species. This knowledge includes information about the benefits and risks associated with veterinary compounding, pertinent rules and regulations, common veterinary dosage forms, and considerations when preparing veterinary compounds.

Course Objectives

Identify benefits of compounding for veterinary patients

Recall regulatory and legal considerations when compounding for veterinary patients

Describe dosage forms that may be compounded for veterinary patients

Describe important pharmacokinetic, physiologic, and formulation considerations when compounding for veterinary patients

I. Introduction

II. Veterinary Compounding: An Overview, Benefits, and Risks

1. Compounding Benefits for Veterinary Patients
2. Compounding Risks for Veterinary Patients

III. Veterinary Compounding Rules, Regulations, and Oversight

IV. Veterinary Compounding Considerations

1. Pharmacokinetic Considerations
2. Physiologic Considerations
3. Formulation Considerations
4. Excipients

V. Routes of Administration and Dosage Forms for Veterinary Patients

1. Oral Topical Administration
2. Transdermal Administration
3. Parenteral Administration
4. Nasal Administration
5. Flavoring and Texture Considerations

VI. Summary

How to Earn Credit:
To earn credit for this course, participants must:
  1. Read the course objectives and faculty planner disclosure
  2. Read the course material
  3. Complete the post-test with a minimum score of 70% and complete the course evaluation form.
  4. Results are automatically submitted to CPE Monitor

Faculty Planner Disclosure

The following individuals were involved in the development of this activity: Liz Fredrickson, PharmD, BCPS, and Pamela Sardo, PharmD, B.S. Pamela Sardo was an employee of Rhythm Pharmaceuticals until March 2022 and has no conflicts of interest or relationships regarding the subject matter discussed. There are no financial relationships relevant to this activity to report or disclose by any of the individuals involved in the development of this activity.

Unlabeled Use Disclosures

The information provided in this course is general in nature and it is solely designed to provide participants with continuing education credit(s). This course and materials are not meant to substitute for the independent, professional judgment of any participant regarding that participant’s professional practice, including but not limited to patient assessment, diagnosis, treatment and/or health management. Medical and pharmacy practices, rules, and laws vary from state to state, and this course does not cover the laws of each state; therefore, participants must consult the laws of their state as they relate to their professional practice. Healthcare professionals, including pharmacists and pharmacy technicians, must consult with their employer, healthcare facility, hospital, or other organization, for guidelines, protocols, and procedures they are to follow. The information provided in this course does not replace those guidelines, protocols, and procedures but is for academic purposes only, and this course’s limited purpose is for the completion of continuing education credits. Participants are advised and acknowledge that information related to medications, their administration, dosing, contraindications, adverse reactions, interactions, warnings, precautions, or accepted uses are constantly changing, and any person taking this course understands that such person must make an independent review of medication information prior to any patient assessment, diagnosis, treatment and/or health management. Any discussion of off-label use of any medication, device, or procedure is informational only and such uses are not endorsed hereby. Nothing contained in this course represents the opinions, views, judgments, or conclusions of LLC. LLC is not liable or responsible to any person for any inaccuracy, error, or omission with respect to this course, or course material.

Computer Hardware/Software Requirements

Please ensure the device you plan to use meets these requirements and specifications:

  • Operating System: Windows 7,8,10, or 11 /Mac OS X 10.9 or later/iOS/Android
  • Supported Browsers: Microsoft Edge, Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, Opera
  • A connection to the internet
  • For Live Webinars or Conferences: GoToWebinar application for iOS, Android, Mac, or PC. You cannot 'call into' a live conference.

  • Target Audience: Pharmacist
  • Contact Hours: 1.0 (0.1 CEUs)
  • Activity Release Date: 4/15/2023
  • Activity Expiration Date: 4/15/2026
  • Activity Type: Knowledge
  • UAN: 0669-0000-23-056-H07-P
  • Topic: Compounding
  • CeBroker Number: 20-1035360


Liz Fredrickson, PharmD, BCPS



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