Classification and Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus

Pharmacist CEU
Contact Hours: 1.0 (0.1 CEUs)

Course Summary

Diabetes mellitus is a global epidemic. It afflicts an increasing number of people each year. Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes are crucial in reducing the risk of developing complications and improving overall health outcomes in populations and individual patients. It is vital for healthcare providers, including physicians, nurses, and pharmacists, to remain up to date with the newest diabetes care guidelines, which now incorporate inclusive language and a patient-first approach. This includes a firm understanding of the classification and diagnosis of diabetes. This course will review the pathophysiology, prevalence, classification, and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in the context of the updated Standards of Care in Diabetes 2023 guidelines.

Course Objectives

Describe the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus

Compare and contrast categories of diabetes mellitus

Describe tests used to diagnose diabetes

I. Introduction

II. Prevalence and Etiology of Diabetes

1. Ethnic Disparities in Diabetes Prevalence
2. Prevalence and Public Health Impact
3. Economic Burden

III. Pathophysiology of Diabetes

1. Pathophysiology of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
2. Pathophysiology of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
3. Pathophysiology of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
4. Person-First Language in Diabetes

IV. Classifications of Diabetes

V. Diagnosis of Prediabetes and Diabetes Mellitus

1. Diagnostic Tests
2. Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)
3. 2-hour Plasma Glucose during Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)
4. Random Plasma Glucose
5. Hemoglobin A1c (A1C)
6. Confirming the Diagnosis

VI. Screening for and Diagnosing Type 1 Diabetes

1. Screening for Type 1 Diabetes
2. Diagnosing Type 1 Diabetes

VII. Screening for and Diagnosing Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes

1. Prediabetes
2. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
3. Screening Asymptomatic Adults

VIII. Patient Counseling

IX. Summary

How to Earn Credit:
To earn credit for this course, participants must:
  1. Read the course objectives and faculty planner disclosure
  2. Read the course material
  3. Complete the post-test with a minimum score of 70% and complete the course evaluation form.
  4. Results are automatically submitted to CPE Monitor

Faculty Planner Disclosure

The following individuals were involved in developing this activity: Austin Fredrickson, MD, FACP, Liz Fredrickson, PharmD, BCPS, and Pamela M. Sardo, PharmD, BS. Pamela M. Sardo was an employee of Rhythm Pharmaceuticals until March 2022 and has no conflicts of interest or relationships regarding the subject matter discussed. There are no financial relationships relevant to this activity to report or disclose by any of the individuals involved in the development of this activity.

Unlabeled Use Disclosures

The information provided in this course is general in nature and it is solely designed to provide participants with continuing education credit(s). This course and materials are not meant to substitute for the independent, professional judgment of any participant regarding that participant’s professional practice, including but not limited to patient assessment, diagnosis, treatment and/or health management. Medical and pharmacy practices, rules, and laws vary from state to state, and this course does not cover the laws of each state; therefore, participants must consult the laws of their state as they relate to their professional practice. Healthcare professionals, including pharmacists and pharmacy technicians, must consult with their employer, healthcare facility, hospital, or other organization, for guidelines, protocols, and procedures they are to follow. The information provided in this course does not replace those guidelines, protocols, and procedures but is for academic purposes only, and this course’s limited purpose is for the completion of continuing education credits. Participants are advised and acknowledge that information related to medications, their administration, dosing, contraindications, adverse reactions, interactions, warnings, precautions, or accepted uses are constantly changing, and any person taking this course understands that such person must make an independent review of medication information prior to any patient assessment, diagnosis, treatment and/or health management. Any discussion of off-label use of any medication, device, or procedure is informational only and such uses are not endorsed hereby. Nothing contained in this course represents the opinions, views, judgments, or conclusions of LLC. LLC is not liable or responsible to any person for any inaccuracy, error, or omission with respect to this course, or course material.

Computer Hardware/Software Requirements

Please ensure the device you plan to use meets these requirements and specifications:

  • Operating System: Windows 7,8,10, or 11 /Mac OS X 10.9 or later/iOS/Android
  • Supported Browsers: Microsoft Edge, Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, Opera
  • A connection to the internet
  • For Live Webinars or Conferences: GoToWebinar application for iOS, Android, Mac, or PC. You cannot 'call into' a live conference.

  • Target Audience: Pharmacist
  • Contact Hours: 1.0 (0.1 CEUs)
  • Activity Release Date: 6/24/2023
  • Activity Expiration Date: 6/24/2026
  • Activity Type: Knowledge
  • UAN: 0669-0000-23-094-H01-P
  • Topic: Disease State Management/Drug Therapy
  • CeBroker Number: 20-944509


L. Austin Fredrickson, MD, FACP



The logo for the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE)., LLC is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education.

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