Target Audience: Pharmacist, Pharmacy Technician 2.0 Credits Activity Release Date: 7/7/2021 12:00:00 AM Activity Expiration Date: 7/6/2022 12:00:00 AM Safe Prescribing Practices
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Course Summary
Medical errors are a significant problem in the healthcare system. One of the most pervasive errors is the medication error. Medication errors are responsible for considerable patient harm. A medication error may occur at any point from prescription, administration and through monitoring of a drug. There are root causes of medication errors. One root cause is the fragmentation of medication information, which is the failure of a patient’s medication information to follow the patient as the patient moves between providers, services and levels of care. Medication errors may be reduced or prevented with an understanding of the root causes of medication errors, followed by the implementation of policies, procedures or systemic changes that can address these root causes and create a safer health care system for patients.
Course Objectives
  • Identify and define medication errors
  • Identify the root causes of medication errors
  • Describe and know how to reduce and prevent medication errors
  • Identify and describe the pharmacist’s role in educating patients to help patients participate in preventing medication errors
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Course Syllabus

I. Introduction

II. Medication Errors: Definition and Scope

III. Types of Medication Errors

  1. Prescribing Errors
  2. Transcription Errors
  3. Preparation and Administration Errors
  4. Dispensing and Monitoring Errors

IV. High Risk Medications

V. Root Causes of Medication Errors

  1. Lack of Training or Education
  2. Unavailability of Guidelines for Medication Administration
  3. Fragmentation of Medication Information
  4. Interruptions
  5. Poor Communication
  6. Failure to Follow the Rights of Medication Administration
  7. Time Constraints

VI. Medication Error Reduction Strategies

  1. Standardized Medication Use Protocols
  2. Computerized Systems
  3. Education to Fill Knowledge Gaps
  4. Pharmacy Workflow Strategies
  5. Pharmacist-led Educational Interventions
  6. Pharmacist-led Medication Reconciliation Programs
  7. Rights of Medication Administration
  8. High-Alert Medications in Acute Care Settings
  9. Awareness of Error-Prone Abbreviations
  10. Medication Error Reporting Program (MERP)
  11. Patient Education
  12. Pharmacist Involvement with Over-the-counter Medications

VII. Reporting Medication Errors

VIII. Disclosing Medication Errors to the Patient

IX. Summary

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