Target Audience: Pharmacist, Pharmacy Technician 1.0 Credits Activity Release Date: 7/19/2021 12:00:00 AM Activity Expiration Date: 7/18/2022 12:00:00 AM Infectious Disease
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Course Summary
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Human immunodeficiency virus can significantly depress immune system functioning leading progressively to AIDS. Prior to the development of antiretroviral medications, essentially everyone infected with HIV progressed to developing AIDS and overwhelming, opportunistic infections and/or neoplasms. The introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the morbidity and mortality associated with HIV-1 infection and AIDS, and it has enabled HIV-infected individuals to live longer and to have an improved quality of life. Nevertheless, HIV and AIDS are still serious health problems that continue to require federal and state resources. This course provides a general discussion on the transmission, progression, and treatment of HIV and AIDS, and they include relevant case studies.
Course Objectives
  • Identify how HIV/AIDS is transmitted
  • Identify methods of prevention and precaution for HIV/AIDS transmission
  • Describe the types of co-occurring disorders that may be seen in patients diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, including tuberculosis
  • Compare the medical research and case reports focused on HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment
  • Describe current Florida law on AIDS and its impact on testing, confidentiality of test results for patients, and partner notification
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Course Syllabus

I. Introduction


II. HIV Etiology and Stages of HIV/AIDS

 

    Prevalence of HIV

    Types and Stages of HIV Infection

    Case Study: Staging and Cell Count Testing

 

III. HIV Transmission and Prevention

 

    Sexual Transmission

    Blood Transfusion Transmission

    Needle Sharing

    Occupational Exposure

    Healthcare Worker to Patient HIV Transmission

    Mother-to-Infant Transmission

 

IV. Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis, ART and Other Preventions

 

    Pre-exposure Prophylaxis

    Case Study: Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis

 
V. HIV Screening

 

    Blood Test for Antibodies to HIV and HIV Antigen

    Home Screening Tests

 
VI. AIDS and Co-occurring Disorders

 

    Cardiovascular Disease

    Pulmonary Disease

    Neurological Disease

    Oral Lesions

    Liver Disease

    Hematologic Disease

    Endocrine Disease

    Dermatological Disease

    Neoplastic Disease

    Genitourinary Disease

    AIDS-defining Diseases

    Case Study: HIV and Kidney Transplant

 

VII. Treatment of AIDS

 

    Case Study: ART and Viral Rebound in an Adolescent Male

    Case Study: Prolonged Remission in a Child Born with HIV

 

VIII. Tuberculosis and Risk of Infection

 
IX. State Regulations for HIV/AIDS Testing

 
X. Summary

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